|Select below 3 of St. Louis's News Papers
|BUFFALO SOLDIERS 9TH AND 10TH CAVALRY
Over 180,000 African Americans served in the Union Army during the Civil War, of these, more than 33,000 died. After the
war, the future of African Americans in the U.S. Army was in doubt. In July 1866, Congress passed legislation establishing
two Cavalry and four Infantry Regiments (later consolidated to two) whose enlisted composition was to be made up of
African Americans. The majority of the recruits had served in all black units during the civil war.
The 9th and 10th Cavalry Regiments were activated on September 21, 1866. The 9th Cavalry Regiments at Greenville,
Louisiana was under the command of Colonel Edward Hatch, and the 10th Cavalry Regiment at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas
was under the command of Colonel Benjamin Grierson.
The name Buffalo Soldier was given to black soldiers by the Cheyenne and Comanche Indians. The soldiers accepted the
title and wore it proudly, like a badge of courage. To be compared with the fighting spirit of the Indian's most sacred buffalo
was a measure of great respect.
The Buffalo Soldiers service in subduing Mexican Revolutionaries, revolting Native Americans, Outlaws, Comancheros, and
Rustlers was as invaluable as it was unrecognized. A list of their adversaries includes: Geronimo, Nana, Sitting Bull,
Victorio, Lone Wolf, Billy the Kid, and Pancho Villa. It reads like a "Who's Who" of the American West.
Lesser known, but equally important, the Buffalo Soldiers explored and mapped the vast areas of the southwest and strung
up hundreds of miles of telegraph lines. In addition they built and repaired frontier outposts around which future towns and
cities sprang to life. Without the protection provided by the 9th and 10th Cavalries, the crews building the ever-expanding
railroads were at the mercy of Outlaws and hostile Natives. The Buffalo Soldiers faced fierce prejudice to both the colors of
their uniform and skin by many of the citizens of post war frontier towns. Despite, insurmountable odds, the Soldiers of the
9th and 10th Cavalry, developed into two of the bravest and distinguished fighting units in the Army.
The Congressional Medal of Honor was bestowed on 12 Buffalo Soldiers from the 9th and 10th Cavalry. The Medal of Honor
is the highest award for valor in action against an enemy force, which is bestowed upon an individual serving in the Armed
Services of the United States of America. The award is generally presented to its recipients by the President of the United
States of America in the name of Congress.
The Buffalo Soldiers, 1866 to 1944 a proud and distinguished service to the United States of America. Forgotten Heroes no
longer, as their motto's stated "WE CAN, WE WILL", and "READY AND FORWARD"
We the members of the Buffalo Soldiers Motorcycle Club of St. Louis Missouri ride with pride and respect; with their names
on our backs and their history in our hearts.